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Pulmonolgy

Pulmonology Flashcards

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Pulmonolgy
CARD 1

Which pneumoconiosis has diffuse infiltrates and hilar lymphadenopathy?

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Berylliosis

CARD 1
CARD 2

Which pneumoconiosis has nodular opacities in the upper lung fields on chest X-ray?

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Black lung from coal mining

CARD 2
CARD 3

Which pneumoconiosis has egg shell calcification on chest X-ray?

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Silicosis

CARD 3
CARD 4

Lofgren’s syndrome may present like sarcoid. What major difference separates these diseases?

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Lofgren’s syndrome is short term and spontaneously resolves – Sarcoid is chronic

CARD 4
CARD 5

A DVT in what location is the most common source of pulmonary embolism?

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Lower extremity above the knee

CARD 5
CARD 6

What disorder should be considered in a young patient (20-30 years old) with severe emphysema?

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Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency

CARD 6
CARD 7

What medication must all asthma patients have regardless of the severity of their disease?

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All asthma patients must have a short acting beta agonist (albuterol) as a rescue medication

CARD 7
CARD 8

What should be considered with a diffuse ground glass appearance and no pulmonary nodules on chest X-ray?

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Infiltrative lung disease

CARD 8
CARD 9

What should be considered with a localized ground glass appearance and a pulmonary nodule on chest X-ray?

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Lung cancer

CARD 9
CARD 10

What should be considered in a patient with pneumonia who was exposed to bird or bat droppings in the Mississippi to the Ohio river area?

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Histoplasma capsulatum

CARD 10
CARD 11

List three classes of antibiotics which may be used for Klebsiella pneumonia.

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Cephalosporins – Aminoglycosides – Fluoroquinolones

CARD 11
CARD 12

What two antibiotic classes may be considered to treat legionella pneumonia?

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Macrolides and fluoroquinolones

CARD 12
CARD 13

What other bacterial pneumonia are patients who have pseudomonas pneumonia prone to get?

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S. aureus pneumonia shares similar risk factors specifically nosocomial

CARD 13
CARD 14

What are the combinations of antibiotics which may be used for pseudomonas pneumonia?

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Anti pseudomonal beta-lactam PLUS an anti- pseudomonal quinolone or aminoglycoside – Anti pseudomonal quinolone PLUS an aminoglycoside

CARD 14
CARD 15

At least how many antibiotics should be used at the same time for pseudomonas pneumonia?

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Always treat with at least two antibiotics

CARD 15
CARD 16

What are the antibiotics which may be used for MRSA pneumonia?

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Vancomycin or linezolid + Levofloxacin or ciprofloxacin

CARD 16
CARD 17

List the antibiotics classes for inpatient ICU treatment in a patient with a pneumonia caused by Strep pneumoniae or non MRSA staph.

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Beta-lactam + macrolide or fluoroquinolone

CARD 17
CARD 18

List the antibiotics classes for inpatient non ICU treatment in a patient with a pneumonia caused by Strep pneumoniae or non MRSA staph.

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Beta-lactam PLUS a macrolide

CARD 18
CARD 19

List the antibiotics classes for outpatient treatment in a patient with comorbidities and a pneumonia caused by Strep pneumoniae or non MRSA staph.

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Fluoroquinolone doxycycline or macrolide PLUS a beta lactam

CARD 19

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